​​Metropolis Healthcare presents findings on Cancer Incidence in 2015

Metropolis conducted a comprehensive study on 47,995 Histology samples for a period of one year to understand the pattern of incidence of various organ cancers

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Cancer is a major public health concern in India, as 6% of all deaths in India are due to cancers which contribute to 8% of global cancer mortality.The dreaded disease often attacks without warning. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Environmental factors, lifestyle, genes are some of the cause for cancer.

Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation.

Globally, higher incidence of Cancer is observed in the head and neck region in men and cervix and breast for women. In order to understand the incidence of Cancer in India, Metropolis conducted a comprehensive study on 47,995 Histology samples for a period of one year to understand the pattern of incidence of various organ cancers.

Below is a brief overview of our findings across the nation

Cancer Type Number of Cases Cancer Type Number of Cases
Breast 710 Lung 184
Lip, oral cavity 561 Ovary 132
Colorectum 331 Brain & Nervous System 119
Cervix Uteri 316 Liver 93
Prostate 254 Thyroid 84
Hematolymphoid 253 Larynx 76
Oesophagus 237 Kidney 69
Stomach 234 Testis 51
Nasopharynx, other pharynx 214 Gall bladder 47
Urinary Bladder 214 Pancreas 47
Corpus Uteri 190 Total 4416

 

Of 47,995 samples that were referred to Metropolis Healthcare Ltd in 2015, 4416 samples were found to be positive for cancer.

Findings:

  • 9.2% positivity was noted in all surgical pathology specimens submitted for evaluation
  • Over 16.08% of samples were in the Breast Category and 12.70 % belonged to the Lip Oral Cavity category.
  • Cancers ofcolorectum and cervix uteri contributed to 7.5, 7.1% respectively

Below is a brief overview of the findings in Delhi City.

Of over 2580 samples that were tested at Metropolis Healthcare Ltd, Delhi for over a year, 165 samples were found to be positive for cancer.

Cancer Type Number of Cases Cancer Type Number of Cases
Urinary Bladder 27 Ovary 3
Lip, oral cavity 23 Stomach 3
Breast 15 Lung 3
Cervix Uteri 14 Liver 2
Oesophagus 14 Kidney 2
Corpus Uteri 13 Thyroid 2
Gall bladder 11 Hematolymphoid 2
Prostate 9 Testis 1
Larynx 8 Pancreas 0
Nasopharynx, other pharynx 7 Brain & Nervous System 0
Colorectum 6 Grand Total 165

 

Findings:

  • 6.4% positivity was noted in all surgical pathology specimens submitted for evaluation
  • Over 16.36% of samples were in the Urinary BladderCategory
  • Over 13.93% of the samples were found positive for Lip and Oral Cavity. Breast contributed to over 9.09% of the cases Whereas Cervix Uteri and Oesophaguscontributed to 8.48%each

Signs and symptoms caused by cancer vary depending on the type of cancer. Some symptoms include a new lump, abnormal bleeding,a prolonged cough, and unexplained weight loss, changes in bowel or bladder habits.

Commenting on the study, Dr Geeta Chopra – Chief of lab, Metropolis Healthcare said, “Accurate and early diagnosis of Cancer paves the way for an efficient and successful treatment.It is also important to provide conclusive and personalized diagnosis to each patient. This makes it imperative to identify molecular targets to aid personalized therapy for which Metropolis Healthcare carried out cost effective NCCN/ASCO/CAP based reflex testing on every patient referred to us.This is a kind of revolution in cancer diagnosis as both the costs and reporting time is reduced by half.”

The earlier the cancer is diagnosed and treated, the better the chance of it being cured.Cancer diagnosis begins with a thorough physical examination and a complete medical check-up. Early detection through screening is useful for all types of cancer. Every individual needs to be fully aware of their health status and go for regular check-ups.

According to a study by Boston Consulting Group, around 60 – 80 % cancer cases in India are diagnosed late and 60% of patients do not have access to quality diagnostic and treatment. The doctor patient ratio is 1 in 2000 coupled with disproportionate skilful manpower and technology in India with cancer specialists, trained staff and specialized cancer centers available in very few cities across India.

Some tips for cancer prevention

  • Physically active for at least 30 minutes every day
  • Avoid sugary drinks, and limit consumption of high-calorie foods, especially those low in fiber and rich in fat or added sugar
  • Eat more of a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes (such as beans
  • Limit consumption of red meats (including beef, pork, and lamb) and avoid processed meats
  • If you drink alcohol, limit your daily intake to two drinks for men and one drink for women.
  • Limit consumption of salty foods and food processed with salt (sodium).
  • Mothers should exclusively breastfeed their babies for up to six months
  • After treatment, cancer survivors should follow the doctors recommendations for cancer prevention and regular monitoring and undergoing routine and preventive tests is must