Govt releases new categorisation of industries

According to the Environment Minister, Mr Prakash Javedekar, the re-categorization of industries a landmark decision, new category of white industries will not require environmental clearance

The Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Independent Charge), Mr Prakash Javadekar releasing the New Categorisation of Industries, in New Delhi on March 05, 2016.

NEW DELHI: Releasing the new categorization, the union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Mr Prakash Javadekar, mentioned, “The new category of White industries which is practically non-polluting will not require environmental clearance (EC) and consent and will help in getting finance from lending institutions. The exercise of re-categorization was being carried out for last one year. This is a landmark decision to give a fair picture of the industries”.

“Re-categorization of industries based on their pollution load is a scientific exercise. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone. 25 industrial sectors which were not critically polluting were also earlier categorized as Red. This was creating wrong impression to everyone”, Mr Javadekar added.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources. For this purpose the references are taken from the the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution ) Cess (Amendment) Act, 2003, Standards  so far prescribed for  various pollutants under Environment (Protection) Act , 1986 and Doon Valley Notification, 1989 issued by MoEFCC. The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. Based on the series of brain storming sessions among CPCB, SPCBs and MoEFCC , the following criteria on  ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of  industrial sectors is finalized.

Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above –  Red category.
Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  41 to 59      –  Orange category.
Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  21 to 40       –  Green category.
Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score upto 20  — White category.

The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ exercise are given below. Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in-turn pollutants expected to be generated.

  • Red category of industrial sectors would be 60.
  • Orange category of industrial sectors would be 83.
  • Green category of industrial sectors would be 63.
  • Newly-introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.
  • There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.
  • No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

The details of the industries falling under Red, Orange , Green and White categories are presented in tables 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively (given below).

The newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting, such as Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vacuum forming machines), Cotton and woolen hosiers making (Dry process only without any dying/washing operation), Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL manufacturing by assembling only, Scientific and mathematical instrument manufacturing, Solar power generation through photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW).

The purpose of the categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of present government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.

Other similar efforts include installation of Continuous Online Emissions/ Effluent Monitoring Systems in the polluting industries,   Revisiting the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index) concept for assessment of polluted industrial clusters, revision of existing industrial emission/effluent discharge standards, initiation of special drive on pollution control activities in Ganga River basin and many more in the coming days.

Table 1 : List of Red Category of Industries

Sl No. Industry Sector Sl No. Industry Sector
1 Isolated storage of hazardous chemicals 39 Yarn / Textile processing
2 Automobile Manufacturing (integrated) 40 Chlor Alkali
3 Hazardous waste recycling  (Spent cleared metal catalyst ) 41 Ship Breaking
4 Lubricating oils  and grease mfg. 42 Oil and gas extraction
5 DG Set  (> 5 MVA) 43 Metal surface treatment
6 Carbon black & allied 44 Tanneries
7 Lead acid battery 45 Ports /harbor/jetties
8 Phosphate rock processing 46 Synthetic fibers
9 Power generation plant 47 Thermal Power Plants
10 Hazardous Waste Recyclers (Spent catalyst) 48 Slaughter house
11 Chlorinated hydrocarbons 49 Aluminium Smelter
12 Sugar 50 Copper Smelter
13 Fibre glass production 51 Fertilizer (basic)
14 Fire crackers 52 Integrated Iron & Steel
15 E-Waste Recyclers 53 Pulp & Paper ( bleaching)
15 Milk and dairy products 54 Zinc Smelter
17 Phosphorous 55 Oil Refinery
18 Pulp & Paper 56 Petrochemicals
19 Coke making 57 Pharmaceuticals
20 Explosives / detonators 58 Pulp & Paper ( Large-Agro + wood),
21 Paints varnishes, pigments 59 Distillery
22 Organic Chemicals 60 Railway locomotive work shop/  service centers
23 Airports and Commercial Air Strips
24 Asbestos
25 Basic chemicals
26 Cement
27 Chlorates, per-chlorates & peroxides
28 Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine
29 Dyes and Dye- Intermediates
30 Health-care Establishment
31 Hotels (Big)
32 Lead acid battery -recyclers
33 Waste electrical and electronic recyclers
34 Glue and gelatin
35 Mining and ore beneficiation
36 Nuclear power plant
37 Pesticides
38 Photographic film /chemicals


Table 2 : LIst of Orange  Category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector Sl. No. Industry Sector
1 Almirah, Grill Manufacturing 43 Large Cotton spinning and weaving
2 Aluminium & copper extraction from scrap 44 Lime manufacturing (using lime kiln)
3 Automobile servicing, repairing 45 Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl
4 Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine 46 Manufacturing of glass
5 Brickfields 47 Manufacturing of mirror from sheet glass
6 Building and construction  >20,000 sq. m 48 Manufacturing of mosquito repellent coil
7 Cashew nut processing 49 Manufacturing of Starch/Sago
8 Ceramics and Refractories 50 Mechanized laundry using oil fired boiler
9 Chanachur and ladoo using husk fired oven 51 Medium scale Hotels
10 Coal washeries 52 Modular wooden furniture
11 Coated electrode 53 New highway construction project
12 Coffee seed processing 54 Non-alcoholic beverages(soft drink)
13 Compact disc computer floppy 55 Paint blending and mixing (Ball mill)
14 Copper waste recyclers 56 Paints and varnishes (mixing and blending)
15 Dairy and dairy products ( small scale) 57 Parboiled Rice Mills
16 DG set ( >1MVA but < 5MVA) 58 Pharmaceutical formulation
17 Dismantling of rolling stocks 59 Ply-board manufacturing
18 Dry cell battery 60 Potable alcohol ( IMFL) by blending
19 Dry coal / mineral processing 61 Printing ink manufacturing
20 Fermentation (Extra Neutral Alcohol) 62 Printing or etching of glass sheet
21 Ferrous and Non- ferrous metal extraction 63 Printing press
22 Fertilizer (granulation / formulation / blending 64 Producer gas plant
23 Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed 65 Recyclers – used oils
24 Fish processing and packing 66 REcyclers – waste oils
25 Flakes from rejected PET bottle 67 Recycling  – Paint and ink Sludge
26 Foam manufacturing 68 Reprocessing of waste plastic /PVC
27 Food and food processing 69 Rolling mill (oil or coal fired)
28 Forging of ferrous and non- ferrous 70 Silica gel
29 Formulation/pelletization of camphor tablets etc. 71 Silk /saree screen printing
30 Glass ceramics, earthen potteries and tile 72 Spray painting
31 Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, v 73 Steel and steel products with furnaces
32 Heat treatment using oil fired furnace 74 Stone crushers
33 Hot mix plants 75 Surgical and medical products (latex)
34 Ice cream 76 Synthetic detergents and soaps
35 Industry or processes involving foundry operations 77 Synthetic resins
36 Iodized salt from crude/ raw salt 78 Synthetic rubber excluding molding
37 Jute processing without dyeing 79 Tephlon based products
38 large Bakery and confectionery 80 Thermocol manufacturing ( with boiler)
39 Transformer repairing/ manufacturing 81 Thermometer
40 Tyres and tubes vulcanization/ hot retread 82 Tobacco products including cigarettes
41 Vegetable oil manufacturing 83 Tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder
42 Wire drawing and wire netting


Table 3 : List of Green category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector Sl. No. Industry Sector
1 Aluminium utensils 36 Ready mix cement concrete
2 Ayurvedic medicines 37 Reprocessing of waste cotton
3 Small Bakery /confectionery 38 Rice mill (Rice hullers only)
4 PP film 39 Rolling mill ( gas fired) and cold rolling mill
5 Biomass briquettes 40 Rubber goods (gas operated baby boiler)
6 Melamine resins 41 Saw mills
7 Brass and bell metal utensils 42 Soap manufacturing
8 Candy 43 Spice Blending
9 Cardboard / corrugated box 44 Spice grinding
10 Carpentry & wooden furniture 45 Steel furniture
11 Cement products 46 Grains processing
12 Ceramic colour by mixing 47 Tyres /tube retreating
13 Chilling plant and ice making 48 Chilling /ice plant
14 Coke briquetting 49 CO2 recovery
15 Small Cotton spinning and weaving 50 Distilled water
16 Dal Mills 51 Small Hotels
17 Decoration of ceramic cups 52 Optical lenses
18 Digital printing on PVC clothes 53 Mineralized water
19 Handling, storage of food grains 54 Tamarind powder
20 Flour mills 55 Marble stone
21 Electrical Glass , ceramic, earthen potteries 56 Emery powder
22 Glue from starch 57 Flyash export
23 Gold and silver smithy 58 Mineral stack yard
24 Non-polluting Heat treatment 59 Oil and gas transportation pipeline
25 Insulation /coated papers 60 Seasoning of wood
26 Leather foot wear /products 61 Synthetic detergent
27 Blending of Lubricating oil, greases 62 Tea processing
28 Pasted veneers 63 Pulverization of bamboo
29 Oil mill Ghani
30 Packing materials
31 Phenyl/toilet cleaner
32 Polythene and plastic products
33 Poultry, Hatchery and Piggery
34 Power looms (without dye and bleaching)
35 Puffed rice (muri) (gas or electrical heating)


Table 4 : List of White category of Industries

Sl. No. Industry Sector
1. Air coolers /conditioners
2. Bicycles ,baby carriages
3. Bailing of waste papers
4. Bio fertilizer /bio-pesticides
5. Biscuits trays
6. Blending / packing of tea
7. Block making of printing
8. Chalk making
9. Compressed oxygen gas
10. Cotton and woolen hosiers
11. Diesel pump repairing
12. Electric lamp ( bulb) and CFL
13. Electrical and electronic item
14. Engineering and fabrication units
15. Flavoured betel nuts
16. Fly ash bricks/ block
17. Fountain pen
18. Glass ampules
19. Glass putty and sealant
20. Ground nut decorticating
21. Handloom/ carpet weaving
22. Leather cutting and stitching
23. Coir items from coconut husks
24. Metal caps containers etc
25. Shoe brush and wire brush
26. Medical oxygen
27. Organic and inorganic nutrients
28. Organic manure
29. Packing of powdered milk
30. Paper pins and u clips
31. Repairing of electric motors /generators
32. Rope (plastic and cotton)
33. Scientific and mathematical instrument
34. Solar module non-conventional energy apparatus
35. Solar power generation through solar photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW)
36. Surgical and medical products assembling