Govt to set up National Nutrition Mission, allocates Rs 9,046 crore

As an apex body, the National Nutrition Mission will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition-related interventions across the ministries

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New Delhi: The Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently has approved the setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three year budget of Rs 9,046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18.

The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition-related interventions across the ministries.

The proposal consists of mapping of various schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition introducing a very robust convergence mechanism. The ICT based Real Time Monitoring system incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools eliminating registers used by AWWs introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs). Social Audits setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation in nutrition through various activities, among others.

The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.

More than 10 crore people are expected to be benefitted by this programme.  All the states and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.

An amount of Rs 9,046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18. This will be funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and the Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without the legislature. Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore.

Implementation strategy and targets:

Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Plan right upto the grass root level. NNM will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20. NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).

There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with each other to achieve common goal. NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.