New Delhi: More than 1.5 million deaths due to Malaria are reported each year in India from various parts of the country. While the government has been trying to use a lot of preventive measures to contain it, the disease is miles away from complete elimination.
The National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-30 was launched by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare on February 11, 2016. A Roadmap has been drawn to undertake activities towards taking steps for malaria elimination. Operational Guidelines for Malaria Elimination and Manual on Integrated Vector Management have been developed and shared with all the States / UTs.
The aims of the NFME in India 2016-2030 as per the Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Mr Faggan Singh Kulaste are:
- To Eliminate malaria (zero indigenous cases) throughout the entire country by 2030; and
- Maintain malaria-free status in areas where malaria transmission has been interrupted and prevent re-introduction of malaria.
- Eliminate malaria from all 26 States including 15 low (Category 1) and 11 moderate (Category 2) transmission States/Union Territories (UTs) by 2022;
- Reduce the incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population per year in all States and UTs and their districts by 2024;
- Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria throughout the entire country, including all 10 high transmission States and Union Territories (Category 3) by 2027; and
- Prevent the re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and maintain national malaria-free status by 2030 and beyond.
Elimination of malaria by 2022 has been envisaged for all 26 States including 15 low (Category 1) and 11 moderate (Category 2) transmission States/Union Territories.