New Delhi: A national survey on the status of research and development in the country has shown that the gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) has more than tripled from Rs 24,117 crore to Rs 85,326 crore in the decade from 2004-05 to 2014-15.
The Survey conducted by the National Science and Technology Management Information System (NSTMIS) under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has also shown that the per capita R&D expenditure has increased to Rs 659 (US dollars 10.8) in 2014-15 from Rs 217 (US dollars 4.8) in 2004-05 and that GERD was mainly driven by the government sector with central government accounting for 45.1 %, state governments 7.4 %, public sector industries 5.5 % and institutions of higher education 3.9 %. The private industry accounted for the balance 38.1 %.
Significantly, the share of business enterprises, from both public and private sector, has been showing an increasing trend. Their share of 43.6 % in 2014-15 was found to be fairly higher than the situation in just five years earlier: in 2009-10 their share was just 34.2 %. The study has revealed that public sector R&D was led by defense related industries and fuel industry, while the private sector R&D was dominated by drug and pharmaceuticals and transportation.
It is estimated that R&D expenditure could have further gone up to Rs 94,516 crore in 2015-16 and crossed the Rs one lakh crore mark in 2016-17 reaching up to Rs 1,04,864 crore.