New Delhi: Currently the total requirement of various bio-fertilizers for seed, root treatment and soil is estimated to be about 0.426 million ton, based on net cultivated area. But with increasing interest in the usage of bio-fertilizers, the government is promoting it through various schemes of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) and National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
As per the Minister of State for Agriculture, Mr Mohanbhai Kundariya who spoke on the subject in the Parliament on April 26, “The ICAR under Network project on Organic Farming is undertaking research to develop location specific organic farming package of practices for crops and cropping systems. Presently, the project is being implemented in 20 centres located in state covering 16 States. Organic farming package of practices for 18 crops/cropping systems have been developed.”
ICAR, Pusa under Network project on Soil Biodiversity-Biofertiliser has developed improved and efficient strains of biofertiliser specific to different crops and soil types. Liquid Biofertiliser technology with higher shelf life has also been developed. The ICAR also imparts training, organizes Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) to educate farmers on all these aspect.
Under National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)-Organic and INM Component of Soil Health Management (SHM), help is given in setting up of State of art liquid/ carrier based Biofertilizer/Biopesticide units, 100 percent assistance to state government Agencies upto a maximum limit of Rs 160 lakh /unit and 25 percent of cost limited to Rs 40 lakh/unit for individuals or private agencies through NABARD as capital investment of 200 TPA production capacity.
Setting up of Bio-fertilizer and Organic fertilizer testing Quality Control Laboratory (BOQCL) or Strengthening of existing Laboratory under FCO, assistance up to maximum limit of Rs 85 lakh for new laboratory and up to a maximum limit of Rs 45 lakh for strengthening of existing infrastructure to State Government Laboratory under Agriculture or Horticulture Department.
Promotion of Organic Inputs on farmer’s field (Manure, Vermi-compost, Solid/Liquid Bio-Fertilizers, Waste compost, Herbal extracts etc.), 50 percent of cost subject to a limit of Rs 5000/- per ha and Rs 10,000 per beneficiary. Propose to cover 1 million ha area.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is the first comprehensive scheme launched by the Central Government as a centrally sponsored programme (CSP). The scheme is implemented by the State Governments on a cluster basis of 20 hectare each. The farmer within the cluster is given financial assistance upto a maximum of 1 ha and the limit of assistance is Rs 50,000 per ha during the conversion period of 3 years. The target is to promote 10,000 clusters covering 5 lakh acres over the period of 3 years, 2015-16 to 2017-18.
Assistance given for procuring liquid bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticides:
Liquid Bio-fertilizer consortia (Nitrogen fixing/ Phosphate Solubilizing/ potassium mobilizing bio-fertilizer) @ Rs.500/acre x 50 of Rs.25000 per cluster in first year.
Liquid Biopesticides (Trichoderma viridae, Pseudomonas, fluorescens, Matarhizium, Beaviourie bassiana, Pacelomyces, verticillium) 2 Rs.500/ acre x 50 of Rs 25000 per cluster in second year.
Through National Mission on Oil seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), financial assistance is being provided for different type of components including bio-fertilisers, Supply of Rhizobium culture, Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB), Zinc Solubilising Bacteria (ZSB), Azatobacter, Mycorrhiza and vermi compost.
Under National Food Security Mission (NFSM), financial assistance is provided for promotion of Bio-Fertilizer (Rhizobium/PSB) at 50 percent of the cost limited to Rs 300 per ha.